Stocks around the world started the week off with a rally, as Japan’s Nikkei 225 index closed above 30,000 for the first time since August 1990.
European markets closed sharply higher on Monday, following an advance in Asia. Shanghai and Hong Kong were closed for the Lunar New Year. U.S. markets remained closed Monday for Presidents Day.
Optimism that the U.S. government will come through on trillions of dollars of aid for the economy and encouraging company earnings reports have helped stocks grind higher this month, along with hopes that the COVID-19 vaccine rollout will set the stage for stronger economic growth in the second half of this year.
Democrats have decided to use a legislative process that does not require Republican support to pass the $1.9-trillion package proposed by President Biden.
Germany’s DAX gained 0.4% to 14,109.48, and the CAC 40 in Paris rose 1.5% to 5,786.25. Britain’s FTSE 100 surged 2.5% to 6,756.11. U.S. futures also rose, with the contract for the S&P 500 up 0.5%. The future for the Dow industrials rose 0.6%.
The strong buying in Tokyo was driven by news that the Japanese economy grew at a nearly 13% annual pace in the last quarter, and by strong corporate earnings reports. It was the second straight quarter of growth after a downturn drastically worsened by the pandemic.
The recovery should put the economy on track to recover to pre-pandemic levels by next year, helped by a recovery in demand for exports in the U.S. and other major trading partners, Marcel Thieliant of Capital Economies said in a report.
Japan recently reimposed a state of emergency in Tokyo and several other prefectures to battle a resurgence of outbreaks. But sustained corporate investment and government spending are expected to help offset the impact on travel, restaurants and other sectors most affected.
The Nikkei 225 closed up 1.9% at 30,084.15. It was its highest level since August 1990, just as Japan’s bubble economy was beginning to implode after peaking at nearly 39,000 in 1989.
Other Asian markets also saw strong gains. The Kospi in Seoul rose 1.5% to 3,147.00, and India’s Sensex climbed 1.1% to 54,102.41. In Australia, the S&P/ASX 200 rose 0.9% to 6,868.90.
Thailand’s SET benchmark index gained 0.9% after the government forecast the economy will expand by 2.5% to 3.5% this year after contracting 6.1% in 2020 as the government restricted international travel and imposed other limits on activities to combat the pandemic.
On Friday, technology companies led a late-afternoon rally on Wall Street that capped a week of wobbly trading, with the major stock indexes hitting all-time highs. The Standard & Poor’s 500 rose 0.5% to 3,934.83 on Friday, a record high for the second day in a row. It was its second straight weekly gain. The tech-heavy Nasdaq composite picked up 0.5%, to 14,095.47, also a record. The Dow Jones industrial average likewise set a new high, edging 0.1% higher to 31,458.40.
A majority of U.S. companies have now reported their latest round of earnings and the results have been surprisingly good. Roughly 75% of companies in the S&P 500 have released results, showing overall growth of 2.8%, according to FactSet. That’s a sharp reversal from the 13% contraction analysts had forecast in late September.
In other trading, U.S. benchmark crude oil picked up 75 cents to $60.22 per barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It advanced $1.23 on Friday. Brent crude, the international standard, gained 84 cents to $63.27 per barrel.