Bitcoin price falls under $21K, bringing more capitulation or just consolidation?

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On July 26, Bitcoin (BTC) price dropped below $21,000, giving back the majority of the gains accrued in the previous week and returning to the $23,300 to $18,500 range that Glassnode analysts describe as “the Week 30 high and Week 30 low.” 

A handful of analysts and traders attribute the July 26 to July 27 Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting and the expected Federal Reserve rate hike as the primary reasons for the current sell-off.

Barring the announcement that the United States economy has entered a recession, a few traders believe that the expected 75 to 100 basis point (BPS) hike will be followed by a relief rally that could see BTC, Ether and other large-cap altcoins snack back to the top of their current range. Of course, this sentiment reflects more speculation than sound analysis, so take it with a grain of salt.

Bitcoin week 30 price range. Source: Glassnode

Given that BTC price is simply continuing to trade in the same range that it has been in for the past 42 days, the real question is whether the market will bring more consolidation or another round of capitulation.

In its July 26 on-chain newsletter, Glassnode analysts posit that investors can find their “conviction through confluence” of multiple technical and on-chain metrics which suggest the peak of capitulation has long past.

According to the analysts, rapid deleveraging threw many metrics into “extreme statistical deviations” and with the worst of the selling possibly behind us, Bitcoin price returning to the high $20,000 zone was expected.

Glassnode notes that the:

“The June leg down in price action has produced the lowest 4-yr rolling Z-Score value on record.”

And the analysts explained that the 4-year rolling MVRV Z-score “signaled undervaluation for all bear cycle bottoms, including 2015, 2018, and the March 2020 flash crash.”

Bitcoin MVRV Z-Score 4 year Rolling chart. Source: Glassnode

When compared against various cohorts of long and short-term sellers, and metrics like Realised Price, Mayer Multiple and longer-term daily and weekly moving averages, Glassnode suggests that confluence in the indicators and historical data point to growing bullish momentum.

On-chain data spots a bottom, but what does technical analysis say?

From the perspective of technical analysis, Bitcoin’s move to $24,200 presented a brief breakout from the current range, but the inability to sustain momentum at this level presented the necessary alternative of a lower support retest at the range midline near the 20-day moving average ($21,500).

According to independent market analyst Michaël van de Poppe, $21,600 was the area for BTC to hold and below this the asset’s price action is dependent upon commentary from this week’s FOMC comments.

CryptoISO expressed a similar sentiment regarding the correlation of equities to Bitcoin and the importance of the $21,500 zone for BTC price.

Fractal lovers will note that the price action within the current range is eerily similar to the May 8 through July 12 range-bound trading and following breakdown that took place on July 12, but analysts would quickly point out that back-to-back calamities like Voyager, Celsius and 3AC blowing up played a significant role in that sell-off, whereas now there appears to be no discernible black swan events on the horizon.

BTC/USDT daily chart. Source: Tradingview

Regardless, both reflect periods of 34 to 42 days of sideways trading and on many occasions, veteran trader Peter Brandt has identified the current market structure as a “bearish rectangle” technical analysis pattern.

Bearish rectangle breakdown. Source: MoneyControl.com

In the event that the pattern breaks to the downside from the current range, this would place the price in the $14,500 to $13,000 zone some traders have been lusting for.

BTC/USDT daily chart. Source: Tradingview

Ultimately, last week’s range breakout to $24,200 (July 20) pierced the upper band of the Bollinger Bands momentum indicator and now that price is below the midline, there is an increased chance that BTC could trade down to the lower band which conveniently resides at the bottom of the current range ($24,200 to $18,600).

Trading within range is not much to worry about until a breakout or breakdown catalyst emerges. Perhaps tomorrow’s (July 27) earnings from big tech companies, the state of the market at the opening bell and comments from the FOMC will determine the direction Bitcoin decides to take. 

The views and opinions expressed here are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Cointelegraph.com. Every investment and trading move involves risk, you should conduct your own research when making a decision.